We live a significant portion of our lives with a clear lens that enables clear vision. When our lens is clear we accurately process visual stimuli. As your eye begins to age various protein start to clump together causing opacity and density. The natural crystalline lens in your eye starts to get cloudy. Many patients have described this sensation as trying to look through a foggy window or a piece of wax paper. Once this clouding has occurred and the lens has become opacified you have developed a cataract.
Cataracts actually prevent light from reaching your retina, which processes images to the brain. Instead, the light that does not pass through your lens gets scattered, blurred, and distorted, resulting in a gradual deterioration of your vision.
Cataracts will cause you to perceive images as less sharp, crisp, and vivid. Colors will be subdued, and you may experience glare around lights. When not properly treated, cataracts can lead to blindness.
Cataracts are caused mainly by age, trauma, heredity, and exposure to ultraviolet radiation. Cataracts can also occur as a result of eye disease, after the use of certain medications, or as a result of medical conditions such as diabetes.
- Getting Older - Age is a major cause of developing cataracts
- Birth defect like abnormal conditions in the eyes of unborn babies
- Environmental factors such as disease, toxic chemicals, medications
- Accidents or Injuries
- Exposure to ultraviolet light
- Cigarette Smoking
What are my options if I have a Cataract?
Most people do not realize how much cataract surgery has advanced over the last 10 years. Not only have there been developments in the equipment but also with the lens implants themselves.
When considering cataract surgery you now have new options for lens implants. Some lenses can even correct your vision at near, far and intermediate distances. Years ago the only lens implants were monofocal, now you have options for multifocal/accommodating lenses or the traditional monofocal lens implants. Be sure to discuss these options in your consultation and pre-operative eye exams.